Flora of Palestine

Historic Palestine is very rich in flora with over 4500 species. The West Bank alone has over 1600 species and in our botanic garden there are over 400 species. The garden acts as both in situ and ex situ conservation area. There are endemic species like Iris haynei (national plant), Origanum dayei, Satureja thymbrifolia.

Important plant areas in the West Bank and their endemic or protected species:

  • Faqoua'/Jalaboun (Jenin): Delphinium ithaburense.
  • Wadi Al Harameyah/Wadi Elbalat/Um Safa/Beit Illo/Ein Samya (Ramallah).
  • Wad Qana/Wad Eshai'r (Salfit): Ophrys sp. and Tulipa agenesis.
  • Yaseed/Ibzeik (Nablus): Ferula orietalis, Iris atrufusca, Iris lortetii, Biarum pyrami, Teucrium montbretii, and Phylitis sagitata.
  • Dead Sea Coast (Bethlehem - Jericho).
  • Khalil (Hebron): Iris atrofusca, I. vartanii, Petrorhagia arabica and Suaeda palaestina.

Rare Flora.pdf

The Botanical Garden is being developed by generous support from the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund “CEPF” and the Global Botanic Garden Fund